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Illegal Drug Addiction in Nebraska

Illegal drugs cause a variety of issues in modern American society, including health problems, social problems, drug addiction, and overdose fatalities. Common illicit drugs sold on the black market, include marijuana, heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamines, MDMA, LSD, and several others. Street drug addiction in Nebraska is a serious issue, and dedicated detox and rehab treatment is typically needed for addicts, along with educational programs and other prevention measures. Tackling drug addiction requires ongoing effort and external support, and government bodies and commercial treatment centers need to come together to ensure success. If you or someone you know, is living with a street drug addiction in Nebraska, it is important to find professional help as soon as you can.

 

Common Illegal Drugs

Drug abuse takes on many forms, from legal and socially accepted drugs, such as alcohol, through to the misuse of prescription medications and illegal drug addiction. Common illegal drugs include marijuana, heroin, powder cocaine, crack cocaine, amphetamines, meth, MDMA and many more. These substances are commonly sold in private premises, night clubs, bars, and on the street. Illicit drugs can be divided into three primary drug classes: central nervous system (CNS) depressants, CNS stimulants, and hallucinogens. Common depressants include heroin and marijuana. Stimulant drugs include cocaine, MDMA, and all amphetamines. Some hallucinogens include psychedelic drugs, such as LSD. Treatment for substance addiction depends greatly on the substance and extent of the addiction, and can include the use of medication therapy for some drug problems, in combination with behavioral therapy and counseling.

 

What is drug addiction?

Drug addiction is defined as the compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of psychoactive substances, despite the existence of negative consequences. In order for a drug to be considered addictive, it has to be perceived as rewarding, and also reinforce continued use through neuronal adaptations that develop over time. While illegal drugs act in an infinite number of different ways, each substance meets this criteria though its own mechanism of action. Some substances produce a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use, while others produce an emotional-motivational syndrome. Examples of physically addictive drugs include, heroin and alcohol. Psychologically addictive drugs include stimulants, such as cocaine, MDMA, and methamphetamine. Continued exposure to drugs often leads to addiction, and people who abuse illegal drugs on a continual basis, often develop a tolerance and withdrawal symptoms.

 

Causes of Drug Addiction

The exact causes of drug addiction are unclear. However, genetic factors and environmental factors have both been known to influence addiction rates. Addiction is often seen as a disorder in the brain’s reward system, with the genetic overexpression of FosB, a Protein Coding gene, known to influence addictive behavior. Addiction cannot be entirely expressed as a function of genetics, however, as a range of social and psychological factors are also known to influence addiction rates. For example, people who are exposed to drugs or alcohol at an early age, are at a much higher risk of developing addictions later in life. Trauma and mental health disorders are also known to influence addiction rates.

Illegal drug statistics in Nebraska

Illegal drug abuse and addiction is a major problem that is happening across the United States, including the state of Nebraska. Marijuana use is a significant problem in the state, with Nebraska ranking third in the nation of states for overall marijuana possession arrests at 417 per 100,000 people. This is a lot more than the national average of 256, with a total of 1,695 marijuana citations recorded in 2014. While drug-induced deaths are fairly low in Nebraska compared with many other states, at 5.2 per 100,000 population, there is still a vast amount of work that needs to be done in order to get that figure even lower. Heroin addiction remains a serious issue in some Nebraskan communities, as does cocaine addiction and methamphetamine abuse.

Heroin   

Heroin is a strong opioid analgesic drug that is widely abused to induce feelings of euphoria and relaxation. Heroin is highly addictive and is known to produce a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use. Heroin abuse often leads to addiction over time, with heroin rates correlating closely with overdose fatalities and some crime statistics. Possible withdrawal symptoms from heroin, include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, and uncontrolled body movements. Medications are usually needed to manage these symptoms, including the opioid antagonist, naltrexone, and the opioids, buprenorphine and methadone. Behavioral therapies also play an important role during treatment, with various programs treating the emotional aspects of addiction through motivational and behavioral methods.

Marijuana

Marijuana is the most widely abused illegal substance in the United States. Despite its legal status in some states and increased social acceptance, marijuana abuse and addiction is still a major issue for many people. While marijuana is not physically addictive, but people who consume the drug on a regular basis often face a severe psychological withdrawal syndrome when they attempt to stop using. Lack of motivation, drug cravings, insomnia, loss of appetite, and depression are just some of the possible effects, and behavioral therapies and counseling sessions are initiated to support the recovery process. Marijuana treatment can be applied on a residential or outpatient basis, including group counseling sessions, motivational enhancement therapy (MET), moral reconation therapy, and conventional 12-step facilitation.

The importance of aftercare

Drug treatment is a sequential process that needs to be applied over a period of weeks or months to ensure success. Addiction intervention, also known as crisis intervention, often marks the start of this process, followed by detox and rehabilitation therapies. While detox enables the cessation of drug use and rehab treats the issues that surround addiction, additional measures will also be needed to ensure a sustainable recovery period. Aftercare programs take place once formal rehab has been completed, and includes SMART Recovery, 12-step support groups, and sober living environments. These programs provide psychological guidance and practical support during the time that it is needed most in order to help recovering addicts reintegrate with everyday life, and develop the coping skills needed for a full recovery.

If you or a loved one is battling a street drug addiction, reach out to qualified addiction treatment centers in Nebraska today to speak with a specialist for more information.